Wednesday, 6 July 2011

Friend of God

Characteristics of a Wali (Loyal slave of the Creator / One who is close to Almighty God)

The word 'Awliya' singular 'wali' comes from the root word of wilaya. Wilaya is the opposite of enmity. The Wali is therefore the one who is close.
AlMighty God has explained in His Book, and in the Hadith of His Messenger, peace and blessings of AlMighty God be upon him, that He has awliya among the people and that shaitaan (devil) also has his awliya amoung the people.
The Quran mentions the allies of AlMighty God.
"Indeed there is no fear upon the awliya of AlMighty God, nor shall they grieve; those who believe and used to fear AlMighty God much. For them are glad tidings in this life and the Hereafter…"  10:62

"AlMighty God is the protector of those who believe, He takes them out of darkness into light."  2:257

The allies of devil have also been mentioned in the Quran. 


"…As for those who disbelieve, their allies are the taaghoot who take them out of the light and into the darkness. Those are the people of fire, and they will be in it forever." 2: 257

"We have made the devils allies of those who do not believe;  those who commit outrages and then say: "We found our predecessors on this (tradition)" Surely they have taken the devils as allies instead of AlMighty God, and they think that they are on guidance" 7:27-28

Abu Huraira, may AlMighty God be pleased with him, narrated that the Messenger of God said:
"AlMighty God, the Exalted said: "Whoever takes a Wali of Mine as an enemy, I will wage war on him; and My slave will not perform any act with which he draws closer to Me, more beloved to Me then when he fulfills what I have ordained on him; and My salve will keep drawing closer to Me by performing the Nawafil (voluntary acts of worship) until I love him, and when I love him, I will be his hearing with which he hears, his sight with which he sees, his hands with which he strikes, and his legs with which he walks; and if he asks Me, I will give him; and if he seeks refuge with Me, I will grant him refuge."  Bukhari

From this narration and the above-mentioned, we know that the Awliya of AlMighty God are those who believe in AlMighty God and give Him their full loyalty Thus, they love all that AlMighty God loves, hate what AlMighty God hates, are pleased with what AlMighty God is pleased with, despise what AlMighty God despises, they enjoin what AlMighty God enjoins, forbid that what He forbids, give to those whom AlMighty God loves for them to be given, and withhold from those whom AlMighty God loves not to receive.

The allies of AlMighty God are of two levels: forerunners those who brought near - and those of the right hand who act in moderation. AlMighty God, the Exalted says reminding the Day of Judgment: "And you (all) will be in three kinds (separate groups). So those on the Right Hand and Who will be those of the Right Hand? And those on the Left Hand and who will be those on the Left Hand? And those foremost will be foremost in Paradise. They will be those nearest to AlMighty God."  56:8-12

And again AlMighty God says in the end of the same Surah: "Then, if the dying person be of the Muqarraboon (those brought near to AlMighty God.) (There is for him) rest and provision, and a Garden of delights (Paradise). And if he be of those on the Right Hand. Then there is safety and peace for those on the Right Hand. But if he be of the denying then for him is entertainment with boiling water and burning in Hell-Fire." 56:88-94

And the actions of these two groups are mentioned in the Hadith of Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings of AlMighty God be upon him,:
"AlMighty God says: "Whoever takes a Wali (loyal slave) of Mine an enemy, I will wage war on him; and My slave will not perform any act with which he draws closer to Me, more beloved to Me then when he fulfills what I have ordained on him; and My salve will keep drawing closer to Me by performing the Nawafil (voluntary acts of worship) until I love him, and when I love him, I will be his hearing with which he hears, his sight with which he sees, his hands with which he strikes, and his legs with which he walks; and if he asks Me, I will give him; and if he seeks refuge with Me, I will grant him refuge." Bukhari

The Allies of AlMighty God have no Special Appearance
The allies of AlMighty God have no special appearance with which they differ from other people. They have no special dress from other than just being permissible. Rather, they are to be found in all categories of the nation of Muhammad, peace and blessings of AlMighty God be upon him. However, the Quran and the Sunnah show clearly that the best people in the sight of AlMighty God is the one with the most of Taqwa.

"O people, we have created you from a male and a female and made you in peoples and tribes that you may know each other. Verily, the noblest of you in the sight of AlMighty God is the greatest in righteous practice." 49:13

Heart is an intuitions and not protected from falling into errors, and so one needs always to measure them against that which has been brought by the Prophet, peace and blessings of AlMighty God be upon him, the protected from falling into error. And the early scholars of Islam have unanimously agreed that the opinions of any man can be accepted and rejected i.e. they are open to questions except for the statements of the Prophet. The point being made here is an issue of complete consensus of the allies of AlMighty God: It is obligatory upon the allies of AlMighty God to hold tight to the criterion; the Qur'aan and the Sunnah, and no one of them is protected against falling into errors, such that it is permissible to him or to his followers to follow that which comes to his heart without subjecting it to the test of the Quran and the Sunnah. Whoever does not accept this is in no way or shape or form among the allies of AlMighty God, whom AlMighty God has ordered us to emulate. Such a person is engaged in extreme and excessive foolishness and ignorance.


This article is adapted from the Book "Criterion between the Allies of Allah and the allies of the Devil" by Shaikh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah]

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